Above: getting started video showing how to use our menu library with Arduino. Link to the Getting started with tcMenu Slides (from youtube video). TcMenu is a complete menu solution for Arduino and mbed platforms that supports a wide range of input / display devices, and can be remotely controlled using embedCONTROL or using our Java Remote API on supported hardware. This page walks you through using tcMenu Designer to design and build an embedded application.
Using the LEDDisplay library LEDDisplay is an easy to use library that makes light work of multi-digit 7segment displays. If you need help building the circuit or understanding the concepts, then refer to this guide: Arduino multiple digit, 7 segment display tutorial. Answering questions and getting help Get help from the community forum for LEDDisplay, or use the help widget (on the right) to contact us about commercial support on LEDDisplay Setting up the LEDDisplay library Before using any methods from the library, and usually in the global scope (outside of any function) you need to include the header file and initialise the library.
If you've got a 7 segment display but are not sure if it is common anode or common cathode, then you need to check the polarity of the display. This is easily done with a low voltage supply (9V or less) from a battery, bench PSU or Arduino board. Firstly and before anything else, connect a 1K resistor between the common pin and the battery. This will avoid potential damage to the LED's in the display.
TcMenu allows you to take over the display from the renderer very easily, once you own the display, you will be called back at regular intervals by the rendering class, and it is your responsibility to update the display at this time (if there are changes that require redrawing). You should never update the screen outside of these callbacks, as doing so would interfere with TcMenu rendering. There are two choices in this case, a functional approach based on providing a callback function, or an object oriented approach, where you provide an extension of CustomDrawing to the renderer.
MenuManager contains the functions to manage menu items, there is a global instance of this class called menuMgr. Here we present the most commonly used features, check out the reference docs for more details. There are a lot of iteration helper functions that can be used to navigate through menu structures. These are described further down the page. The following two reference documentation pages extend on the information here: Menu iteration reference docs MenuManager reference docs Enabling next and back functionality To enable next, back or both, you provide the pin onto which you’ve connected the button for this function.
An I2C LCD backpack based on the PCF8574 chip provides an easy way to get started with LiquidCrystalIO on most Arduino boards. It is usually in one of two configurations as listed below. This library works correctly with the display and even has a shorthand way of creating the LCD for this case. Connectivity combinations for i2c backpacks Pin Option1 Option2 0 RS EN 1 RW RW 2 EN RS 3 Backlight Backlight 4 D4 D4 5 D5 D5 6 D6 D6 7 D7 D7 Construction for Option 1 outside of any functions (global):
TcMenu supports a wide range of rendering devices, from HD44780 based units using our LiquidCrystal fork through to mono OLED’s and full colour TFT displays using the Adafruit_GFX library. In order to achieve such a wide range of displays the renderer describes things in terms of menu items, active positions, editors and dialogs. This allows each renderer to convert these concepts into something that works for its needs. You can also easily take over the display to draw your own screen at any time.
It is possible to secure sub-menus in tcMenu by setting the secured switch in the designer UI. Once this is done, and as long as there is an authenticator within your sketch that is assigned to the menu manager, then there is nothing else to do. First, during the design phase, ensure that you select to secure the sub-menu. It is recommended that such menus are marked as local only, so they cannot be sent remotely:
TcMenu has considerable out of the box remote connectivity on Arduino. Supporting Ethernet2 library, UipEthernet library, ESP8266 WiFi, ESP32 WiFi and Serial (including Bluetooth Serial). It is recommended that this guide is read in conjunction with the embedded library reference docs. A typical remote menu application designed using the library will be able to accept connections from any source that can communicate using TagVal protocol. On the Arduino side, there will be an object instance named remoteServer provided by the plugin.
Worked example: Building a timer For this example we will create a menu that has two top level menu items; a counter which counts down from the selected value, and a Boolean switch that turns on or off the countdown. It will also have a submenu with one menu item to control the notification method. So lets draw this out conceptually below menu root +- countdown, integer values 0 to 1000 seconds +- enabled, boolean YES, NO.